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torstai 23. heinäkuuta 2015

United Arab Emirates, Cool Facts #52

<= 51. Eritrea                                                                                                            53. Palestine => 



1. The Seven Emirates 

United Arab Emirates consists of seven emirates:

1. Ras al-Khaimah
2. Sharjah
3. Dubai
4. Abu Dhabi
5. Ajman
6. Umm al-Qaiwain
7. Fujairah
Qatar (1968-1971)
Bahrain (1968-1971)

In 1820 the British forced the emirates to a peace treaty after fighting against piracy in the area.
In 1853 after the new agreement the emirates were called Trucial States and their defense and foreign policy was under United Kingdom's control
In 1902 Fujairah Emirate joined the peace treaty
1968 Qatar and Bahrain joined the Trucial Sheikhdoms
1971 The current United Arab Emirates was established, Qatar and Bahrain separated from this union

The Seven Emirates of the UAE


2. Governance of the Seven Emirates 

Each of the seven emirates are governed by an absolute monarch. Together these seven monarchs form the Federal Supreme Council. One of the monarchs is then selected as the President of the United Arab Emirates. The prime minister is the Emir of the richest emirate, Dubai. 

Each of the emirates have a broad autonomy. Their hereditary rulers are the absolute monarchs and the activity of political parties is prohibited. 

The current president is Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan, who is the Emir of Abu Dhabi. 

UAE six royal houses ruling the seven emirates: 

Abu Dhabi - Al Nahyan royal family 
Dubai - Al Maktoum royal family
Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah - Al Qasimi royal family
Ajman - Al Nuaimi royal family 
Umm Al Quwain - Al Mualla royal family 
Fujairah - Al Sharqi royal family 


Seven Emirs of the UAE


3. Oil and Economy

Oil was found in Abu Dhabi in 1958 and a bit later in Dubai. The findings revolutionized the life in United Arab Emirates. The quickly enriched country started to attract guest workers to the country. Asians came to the oil fields and to construction and service jobs. The European and American experts came to work in higher positions in the oil industry.

This remote corner in the Arabian Peninsula was wasteland for centuries. The people living in the area got their living from fishing, pearl fishing and trade. In the 1600-1700s it was known as the notorious Pirate Coast.

Facts about economy

7th largest oil reserves in the world
17th largest natural gas reserves in the world
8th biggest oil producer in the world (2014)
3rd biggest arms importer in the world
No income taxes
Free education and health care
Top10 country measured by GDP/capita



4. Most Immigrants in the World 

- 83,7% of the population are immigrants, which is the highest percentage of the population in the world
- Only 1,5 million people of the 9,3 million population are native Emirati citizens
- Foreigners can't own land nor companies in the UAE

Immigrant workers in construction work in Dubai


5. Country of Extremes 

- World's tallest building, Burj Khalifa is in Dubai and it's 828 meters high
- The world's only 7 star hotel, Burj Al Arab is in Dubai, it's 321 meters high and all the rooms are at least 169 square meters golden suites
- Dubai's airport is the world's busiest by international passenger traffic 
- There are 2,19 men for each women in the UAE, that's more than anywhere else in the world

Burj Khalifa, 828m
7-Star Hotel, Burj Al Arab, 321m
Burj Al Arab Royal Suite



Timeline

1800 UK intervenes the plundering piracy problem and destroys the pirate base of Ras al-Khaimah
1820 The Sheikhdoms are forced into a peace treaty
1853 Trucial States was the new name and the defense and foreign policy was under Great Britain's control
1892 The Sheikdoms become UK protectorates
1902 Fujairah sheikdom joins the peace treaty
1952 The Sheikdoms create a counsil for cooperation
1958 Oil was found in Abu Dhabi and later in Dubai
1968 The cooperation council becomes a union between the Arab Emirates in the Gulf of Persia, which Qatar and Bahrain join also
1971 Qatar and Bahrain separate from the union and thus the United Arab Emirates was born
2004 The president of the union, Abu Dhabi's Emir al-Nahya died and his son Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahya became the new leader

Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Arab_Emirates
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_oil_production

2 kommenttia:

  1. Great blog i never knew it before in fact i had been there so many times for Dubai Boat Cruise but never visit excluding Sharjah now i will visit these on my next visit.

    VastaaPoista
    Vastaukset
    1. Thanks Bashar for the comment. I hope to visit UAE some day as well, it looks very nice. Which places do you want to visit next time there ?

      Poista