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maanantai 22. kesäkuuta 2015

South Sudan, Cool Facts #38

<= 37. Sudan                                                                                                                  => 39. Algeria



1. World's biggest people

The Dinka people are among the world's tallest people of the world among the Tutsi of Rwanda. The Dinka people are the biggest ethnic group in South Sudan and out of the population of 8 million there are about 5 million Dinka people. Some of the tallest people of the world have been Dinkas and many professional basketball players come from South Sudan.

Dinka NBA players

Manute Bol (2,31m): mother (2,08m), father (2,03m), sister (2,03m), great-grandfather (2,39m)
Luol Deng (2,06m)
Ater Majok (2,08m) 

Manute Bol 2,31m


2. Referendum result 98,83% 

In 2011 there was a referendum about the independence of South Sudan. 98,85% of the voters voted for the independence and thus South Sudan gained independence from Sudan. It broke one of the principles of the African Union which is that you don't change the borders left from the colonial times. There was dispute about the border and the North Sudanese troops occupied Abyei oil area between the borders of the two countries.




3. Sudanese oil 

In 1978 the american oil company Chevron found oil in Sudan, between South and North Sudan. Oil was the reason why the civil war broke out again in 1983 when the president Gaafar Nimeiry stopped South Sudan's autonomy because of the power to control the oil resources. The second war ended in 2005 with a peace treaty where it was stated that the oil revenue is split fifty-fifty for the two countries. Almost 80% of the oil deposits are in South Sudan but the oil pipelines, refineries and the export harbor are all in North Sudan in Port Sudan, so that's why the revenues are split fifty-fifty. South Sudan gets 98% of its revenue from producing oil, so the economy is highly dependent on oil. 




4. Sudd swamp area 

One of the world's largest swamp areas, Sudd, is in South Sudan. It's so vast that it isolated the South Sudan tribes from the influences of the north. During the wet season the swamp can cover over 130,000 square kilometers of area. Otherwise it's something around 30,000-50,000 square kilometers, but the size is highly variable. Because of Sudd it was quite hard to find the source of Nile and Sudd was the impenetrable barrier when people tried to navigate along the Nile. 

Size comparison (square km)

Greece: 131,990
Sudd (wet season): 130,000
Nicaragua: 130,373
Iceland: 103,000
Portugal: 92,090
Latvia: 64,559
Sudd (official): 59,000
Croatia: 56,594
Netherlands: 41,850
Belgium: 30,528

Sudd wetlands


5. Poor healthcare  

Sudan has one of the poorest healthcare systems of the world. After the civil war there are only three surgeons in South Sudan and one doctor for every half million people. The healthcare isn't the best in world like the statistics tell. The statistics are from the year 2004.

135/1000 under 5-year old children die
1/50 women die in childbirth
3 surgeons for over 8 million people
1 doctor/500,000 people
3 proper hospitals



Timeline

1500s Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk tribes live along the Nile
1800s the Azande people have the strongest state on the region, they prevented the French, Belgian and Arab conquests
1821 The Egyptian khedives conquer Sennar sultanate of North Sudan
1842 The Egyptian troops reach Juba, the current capital and start slave trade and Christian mission
1878 South Sudan was set under the rule of the anglo-egyptian Sudan
1956 Sudan becomes independent, South Sudan doesn't get autonomy
1971 Joseph Lagun forms the liberation movement called South Sudan Liberation movement, SSLM
1972 The first civil war ends and South Sudan gets autonomy
1978 Chevron found oil between the borders of South and North Sudan
1983 Gaafar Nimeiry ends South Sudan's autonomy, the second civil war begins
2005 The second civil war ends in a peace treaty, South Sudan gets autonomy back
2011 South Sudan becomes independent after a referendum

Sources
https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=South_Sudan
Maailman liput maat ja historia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_in_South_Sudan

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